Dr Nasrollah Moghtader Mojdehi

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About Dr Nasrollah M Mojdehi

Dr Nasrollah Moghtader Mojdehi (born April 3, 1921 in Rasht, Iran, died May 22, 2012 in London, England) was an influential Iranian academician, professor of internal medicine, and public servant, having served as a Senator in the pre-revolutionary Iranian Senate, and Minister of Health  in the Amouzegar Cabinet and for a short period in the Sharif-Emami Cabinet.

Known by his peers and students as “Dr. Mojdehi”, his excellence, independence, and reform orientation and principled leadership, propelled him through the hierarchy of universities in Iran and ultimately resulted in his appointment as Iranian Minister of Health in 19781.

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Born into a privileged family, Dr. Mojdehi’s father was a career civil servant and was Commander of Langarood and Ghazvin regions, among others. His mother was a large landowner.

Dr. Mojdehi graduated from high school and received his diploma with distinction from Shahpour High School in Rasht, Iran, in 1940.

From 1940 to 1946, he attended the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, where he distinguished himself and joined the faculty. He completed a post-doctoral program at the University of Edinburgh. He completed a fellowship program in 1966 at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, in Baltimore, Maryland.

CAREER

After his return to Iran in 1966, he rejoined the faculty of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) (Persian: نتهرا‎ پزشکی علوم دانشگاه ‎) as Professor of Internal Medicine2 with a specialty in Infectious Disease. A protégé of the late Dr. Manouchehr Eghbal, Dr. Mojdehi quickly rose through the ranks at the University, becoming a full Professor 2 in 1967. In 1971, Dr. Mojdehi was tapped to become Dean of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. From 1967 to 1969 Dr. Mojdehi served as Vice Chancellor of Tehran University under Chancellor Alikhani, where he distinguished himself by resolving a major protest at Pahlavi Hospital by para-medical personnel. In 1974, at the command of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavī, and on the advice of Asadollah Alam, Minister of Court, Dr. Mojdehi assumed the role of Chancellor at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) (Persian: مشهد دانشگاه فردوسی), the largest research university in Eastern Iran.

After two years in Mashad, in 1974 to 1976, Dr. Mojdehi returned to Tehran where he was elected to the Senate, representing Tehran in 1976.

VIEWS

Known for his depth of understanding, affection for students, humor, up-to-date teachings, Hollywood good looks, and elegant dress, Dr. Mojdehi’s lectures were highly popular with his students. His lectures left indelible impressions on legions of medical students many of whom today live and practice outside of Iran.

During his tenure as Dean of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, he instigated significant reforms to ensure that promotions were based upon merit rather than political connections, leading to the forced retirement of several ineffective, but politically influential professors. Dr. Mojdehi’s reforms had the salutary effects of improving morale and bolstering the reputation of the medical school3.

Dr. Mojdehi reluctantly left his position at Tehran University of Medical Sciences to assume leadership of Ferdowsi University at Mashhad. He promptly lifted the spirit of the Ferdowsi University community by again instituting reforms to ensure that faculty members were recognized based on merit rather than political connections and taking other affirmative steps to improve the faculty’s morale3.

While at Ferdowsi, during the ceremonial visits by the late Shah of Iran, Dr. Mojdehi refused to allow the military brass to lead the ceremonial processions. Proclaiming that teachers and professors were more important to the well being of the country than the military, Dr. Mojdehi informed the Governor of Khorassan Province that he would decline the invitation extended to University professors to participate in processions with the Shah, unless the University staff led the processions. At his insistence, University professors were promoted to the head of the receiving line in procession with the Shah, which sent a message that, while under his leadership, the University and its personnel decisions would not be either influenced or controlled by the government. During his tenure, Dr. Mojdehi also developed a professor exchange program between Georgetown University and Ferdowsi University. Dr. Mojdehi’s steadfast and selfless adherence to public service was evidenced when he declined to accept a gift by the Governor of Khorassan Province of a deed of valuable property. Dr. Mojdehi insisted that the property instead be given to the University, to be used in perpetuity as a residence by future Chancellors of the University during their time of service3.

Consistent with his past principles and focus on instituting necessary reforms, his speeches on the Senate floor raised awareness of the need for progress in the areas of health and development, and he quickly gained a reputation as an advocate for liberalization and change. Given his reputation as a reformer and agent of positive change, in 1978, when controversy swirled around the existing cabinet appointee in the Ministry of Health, Dr. Sheikoleslami, Dr. Mojdehi was appointed Minister of Health1 in the Amouzegar Cabinet. He stayed on as Minister of Health in Sharif Emami’s Cabinet, but soon clashed with another cabinet member, Monuchehr Azmoun. Azmoun sought to block Dr. Mojdehi’s decision to appoint a deputy who was Jewish in the Ministry of Health5. Unwilling to bend to the influence of Azmoun, Dr. Mojdehi unilaterally resigned as Minister of Health, without seeking the permission of the Shah. Unilateral resignations by cabinet ministers were unprecedented, and Dr. Mojdehi’s public resignation based upon a matter of principle forever etched his reputation as a man of integrity and courage5.

Following the revolution, due to his prior public service in the pre-revolutionary government, Dr. Mojdehi was imprisoned at Ghasre prison from May until August 1975. Dr. Mojdehi’s well-known reputation for excellence in internal medicine and singular ability to diagnose difficult cases served as a means of his release. Over 120 physicians signed a petition addressed to the then leaders of the country asking for his release, given his service to the country. In addition, as fate would have it, a senior and highly influential cleric fell ill and the cause of his illness could not be determined. In search for a cure, the senior cleric identified Dr. Mojdehi as the best physician to diagnose his illness. Later, the grateful cleric was instrumental in securing the release of Dr. Mojdehi after six months of imprisonment3.

Times article dated 10 Sept 1998

FAMILY

Dr. Mojdehi is survived by his wife, Parvin Ettehadieh, his three sons, John Moghtader Mojdehi, Ali Moghtader Mojdehi, Noori Moghtader Mojdehi, and his daughter, Goli Mojdehi Shahmirzadi, and eight grandchildren, Cyrus Mojdehi, Lily Mojdehi, Allegra Mojdehi, Cameron Shahmirzadi, Mina Shahmirzadi, Leily Mojdehi, Soraya Mojdehi, and Kimiya Mojdehi

PUBLICATIONS

Mojdehi NM. Infectious Diseases. Tehran, Iran 1951.

Mojdehi NM. Infectious Diseases Vol. 1-2. Tehran, Iran 1968.

Mojdehi N, Moin, M. Tropical Eosinophylia. Acta Medica Iranica. 1957; 1(4): 259-265.

Azizi SP, Mojdehi N. Contribution A L’etude D’endocardite Brucellaire en Iran. Acta Medica Iranica. 1959; 3(1): 1-5.

Mojdehi N, Moine M, Study of 72 Cases of Human Brucellosis in Tehran. Acta Medica Iranica. 1962; 5(1-4): 34-41.

Mojdehi N, Moine M. Treatment of Hepatic Coma by Exchange Transfusion: A Report of Three Cases. 1967; X(3-4): 71-78.

Barzgar MA, Mojdehi NM, Amini F. A Clinical Study of the Use of Pyrvinium Pamoate with Piperazine (Vanpar ®) in the Treatment of Oxyuriasis and Ascariasis. 1974; 3(1): 62-66.

References

1.      Mohammad-Hossein Azizi MD, “The Historical Backgrounds of the Ministry of Health Foundation in Iran”, “History of Contemporary Medicine in Iran “, September 26, 2005.

2.      N.M. Mojdehi MD and M. Moine MD,”Treatment of Hepatic Coma by Exchange Transfusion A Report of Three Cases”, “ACTA MEDICA IRANICA”, 1967 see footnote.

3.      Meybodi Radio Show – Interview with Professor Jalal Matini (second interviewee of show) May 23 or 24, 2012.

4.      Tony Allaway, “Shah Faces a Double Challenge as Riots and Strikes Continue”, “The London Times”, October, 8, 1978.

5.      “Mojdehi Resignation Sparks Rumours”, “Kayhan International Edition”, October 10, 1978.

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